Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Ph.D., R.D., F.A.N.D.

Professor / Extension Specialist, Co-Director of the Graduate Program
Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University, 1980

My research focuses on nutrition education and health promotion with the goal of effecting behavior changes that prevent negative outcomes (e.g., unhealthy body weight and co-morbidities) and promote healthy lifestyles. Most health professionals intuitively feel that a complex interplay of personal and environmental factors affect dietary choices which, in turn, impact health outcomes. However, many of these factors have not been studied systematically to enable practitioners to design appropriate, effective interventions that result in behavior change and resonate with consumers.

Thus, my research team explores intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors that affect health behaviors using a polytheoretical socioecological approach. The purpose of this work is to describe these factors, investigate their impact on dietary choices and health, examine how they can be modified or mediated to change behaviors to result in healthier lifestyles, expand understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of nutrition education interventions, develop recommendations to improve nutrition education intervention effectiveness, and/or validate the recommendations via theory-driven educational program and materials design, implementation, and evaluation. A description of some of the work of the research team I lead is described below.

Effecting Behavior Change

  • Delaney, C.L., Barrios, P., Lozada, C., Soto-Balbuena, K., Martin-Biggers, J., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2016) Applying Common Latino Magazine Cover Line Themes to Health Communication. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences.
  • Martin-Biggers, J., Spaccarotella, K., Hongu, N., Worobey, J., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) Translating It into Real Life: Cognitions, Barriers and Supports for Key Weight-related Behaviors of Parents of Preschoolers. BMC Public Health, 15:189.
  • Quick, V., McWilliams, R., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) A case-control study of psychological well-being and weight teasing in young adults with and without bowel conditions. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 28:23-36.
  • Kattelmann, K., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., White, A.A., Greene, G.W., Hoerr, S.L., Kidd, T., Colby, S., Horacek, T.M., Phillips, B.W., Koenings, M.M., Brown, O.N. Olfert, M., Shelnutt, K.P., Morrell, J.S. (2014) The Effects of Young Adults Eating and Active for Health (YEAH): A Theory-Based Web-Delivered Intervention. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 46:S28-41.
  • Kattelmann, K., White, A.A., Greene, G., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Hoerr, S.L., Horacek, T.M., Kidd, T., Colby, S., Phillips, B.W., Koenings, M.M., Brown, O.N., Olfert, M. Shelnutt, K.P., and Morrell, J.S. (2014) Development of Young Adults Eating and Active for Health (YEAH) internet-based obesity prevention intervention via a community based participatory research model. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 46:S10-S25.
  • DiNoia, J., Orr, L., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2014) Residential Summer Camp Intervention Improve Food Environment, American Journal of Health Behavior, 38:631-640.
  • DiNoia, J., Furst, G., Park, K., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Designing Culturally Sensitive Dietary Interventions for African Americans: Review and Recommendations. Nutrition Reviews, 71:224-238.
  • Wu, F., Martin-Biggers, J., Worobey, J., Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2012) Visual Summary of Linkages Between Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Child Health Outcomes. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112:A-51.
  • Berhaupt-Glickstein, A., Martin-Biggers, J., Worobey, J., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2012) A Conceptual Model Elucidating the Relationships between Television and Childhood Health Outcomes. FASEB Journal, 26:1011.5.
  • DiNoia, J., Mauriello, L., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., and Thompson, D. (2012) Validity and Reliability of a Dietary Stages of Change Measure for Among Economically Disadvantaged African American Adolescents. American Journal of Health Promotion; 26:381-389.
  • Diagram of Polytheoretical Framework for Health Behavior Change

    Polytheoretical Framework for Health Behavior Change

  • Coleman, G., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Baker, S., and Bowen, E. (2011) Best Practices for Extension Curricula Review. Journal of Extension, April, 49(2) Article Number 2TOT1.
  • Corda, K., Quick, V., Schefske, S., DeCandia, J., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2010) Toward a Polytheoretical Framework for Health Behavior, American Journal of Health Studies, 25:211-230. (See Figure at right)
  • Quick V. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2010) Behavioral Factors Affecting Young Adults' Health and Body Weight: A PRECEDE-PROCEED Framework Approach. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 110:A76.
  • Walsh, J., White, A., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Colby, S., Esters, O., Greene, G., Hoerr, S., Horacek, T., Kattelmann, K., Kidd, T., Nitzke, S., Phillips, B.. (2010) Use of a Multi-Phase Community Assessment Model to Identify Behavioral and Environmental Influences of Obesity for Young Adults. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 110:A30.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Quick, V. (2010) Changing Food Intake Patterns: Health Behavior Theories. In: The Ecological Model of Food Behavior, 2nd Edition by S. Colby, Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., pp. 135-180.
Y.E.A.H. Logo.

Effecting Behavior Change Outreach

  • HealthyHomeStyles.com
  • Eck, K., Alleman, G.P., Quick, V., Martin-Biggers, J., Hongu, N., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2016) Evaluation of a Childhood Obesity Prevention Online Training Certification Program for Community Family Educators. Journal of Community Health.



Nutrition and Health OutcomesHomestyles Logo.

  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Hayes, D., Jana, L., Martin-Stephenson, S., Melendez-Klinger, S. and O'Neil, C. (2104) The Role of Breakfast in Health: Definition and Criteria for a Quality Breakfast. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 12:S8-S26.
  • Golem, D., Martin-Biggers, J., Koenings, M., Finn Davis, K., Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2014) An Integrative Review of Sleep for the Nutrition Professional. Advances in Nutrition, 5:742-759.
  • Quick, V., Berg, K.C., Bucchianeri, M.M., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2014) Identification of eating disorder pathology in college students: A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and proposed DSM-5 diagnostic criteria. Advances in Eating Disorders, 2:112:124.
  • Quick, V., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., White, A.A., Brown, O., Colby, S., Shoff, S., Lohse, B., Horacek, T., Kidd, T., and Greene, G. (2014) Eat, sleep, work, play: Associations of weight status and health-related behaviors among young adult college students. American Journal of Health Promotion, 29:e64-e72.
  • Quick, V. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2014) Disordered Eating Behaviors, Socio-cultural Influencers, Body Image, and Psychological Factors Among a Racially/Ethnically Diverse Population of College Women. Eating Behaviors, 15:37-41.
  • Morrell, J.S., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Quick, V., Olfert, M., Dent, A., and Carey, G.B. (2014) Metabolic syndrome: Comparison of prevalence in young adults at 3 land-grant universities. Journal of American College Health, 62:1-9.
  • Quick, V. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Disturbed Eating Behaviors and Associated Psychographic Characteristics of Young Adults. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26:53-63.
  • Quick, V. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q): Norms for College Students. Eating and Weight Disorders, 18:29-35.
  • Quick, V., and Neumark-Sztainer, D., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Chronic illness and disordered eating: A review of the literature. Advances in Nutrition, 4:277-286.
  • Quick, V., McWilliams, R., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Fatty, Fatty, Two-By-Four: Weight Teasing History and Disturbed Eating in Young Adult Women. American Journal of Public Health, 103:508-151.
  • Quick, V. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2012) Weight Regulation Practices of Young Adults: Predictors of Restraint Eaters. Appetite, 59:425-430.
  • Quick, V. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2012) Novel Disturbed Eating Severity Scale (DESS) Places Disturbed Eating Risk on a Continuum. Appetite, 59:168-176.
  • Dissen, A., Policastro, P., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2011) Interrelationships Among Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes Toward Nutrition, Dietary Intake, and Body Image Satisfaction in Young Adults. Health Education, 111:283-295.
  • Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2011) Effects of Photographs of Lower and Higher BMI Fashion Models on Body Dissatisfaction of Young Women. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 26:57-67.
  • Walsh, J., Byrd-Bredbenner ,C., Carey, G., Greene, G., Hoerr, S., Esters, O., Kattelmann, K., Morrell, J., Nitzke, S., Phillips, B., Shelnutt, K., and White, A. (2010) Eating behavior, perceptions, and Body Mass Index of college students in two stage of readiness to eat fruit and vegetables. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 42:P50.
  • Nutrition Label. Maurer, J. And Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2007) The State of the American Diet. The Nutrition Facts: What, Why, When, and Where Are We Eating in America? And, How Can We Cope? Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 22:202-234.
  • Schwartz, J. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2006). Portion Distortion: Typical Portion Sizes Selected by Young Adults. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106:1412-1418.
  • Schwartz, J. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2006). The Ability of Young Adults to Estimate Portion Size and Calorie Content. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 21:114-121.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2005) Food Preparation Knowledge and Confidence of Young Adults. Journal of Nutrition in Recipe & Menu Development, 3: 37-50.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Schwartz, J. (2004) The Effect of Practical Portion Size Measurement Aids (PSMAs) on the Accuracy of Portion Size Estimates Made by Young Adults. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17:351-357.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2004) Food Preparation Knowledge and Attitudes of Young Adults: Implications for Nutrition Practice. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 19:154-163.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Finckenor, M. (2001) The Dietary Fiber and Fat Intake, Dietary Fat Avoidance Patterns, and Diet-Disease Knowledge of College Women. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 4:79-84.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Lagiou, P., and Trichopoulou, A. (2000) A Comparison of Food Consumption and Dietary Intake of Households in the U.S. and 10 European Countries, Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 13:197-206.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Finckenor, M. (2000) Putting The Transtheoretical Model Into Practice With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 15:44-58.
  • Finckenor, M. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2000) The Development And Long-Term Effectiveness of a Nutrition Intervention Program For Lowering Dietary Fat Intake Based on The Transtheoretical (Stages of Change) Model. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 100:335-342.

Home Environment

As role models and gatekeepers, parents strongly influence food and exercise behaviors of children and are key players in obesity prevention. To generate the most successful results, nutrition education interventions need to be placed within a family context and address multiple home environment lifestyle practices associated with weight status. My research team's work with the home environment has characterized factors influencing mothers' family food decisions and generated recommendations for improving home food environments; psychographically segmented mothers of young children based on factors guiding the food choices mothers make for their families; described, via inventories of the household food supplies, the nutrient profile of the food supply in these homes, how food supplies of families with and without overweight individuals differ, and how foods supplies differ by race/ethnicity and income; explored the relationship of Social Cognitive Theory concepts to the dietary intake and BMI of mothers of young children; described other home environment factors affecting body weight, such as portion sizes, TV food advertising and media literacy, food preparation/menu planning skills; and created a parent-directed home kitchen organization/food management makeover "proof-of-concept" intervention. We are currently conducting the HomeStyles project that aims to help 900 parents of preschoolers re-shape home environments and lifestyle practices to prevent childhood obesity.

  • Cheng, C., Martin-Biggers, J., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2016) Validity and Reliability of HOP-Up: A Questionnaire to Evaluate Physical Activity Environments in Homes with Preschool-Aged Children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13:91.
  • Golem, D., Hallman, W., Cuite, C., Bellows, A.C., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2016) Food Supplies of Immigrant and Minority Households: How Prepared Are They for Disaster Emergency Conditions? Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 31:213-221.
  • Martin-Biggers, J., Koenings, M., Quick, V., Abbot, J., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) Appraising Nutrient Availability of Household Food Supplies Using Block Dietary Screeners for Individuals. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69:1028-1034.
  • Golem, D. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) Household Food Supplies: How Prepared Are Families for Emergency Situations? Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 30:359-364.
  • Martin-Biggers, J., Spaccarotella, K., Delaney, C., Koenings, M., Alleman, G., Hongu, N., Worobey, J., Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) Development of the Intervention Materials for the HomeStyles Childhood Obesity Prevention Program for Parents of Preschoolers. Nutrients, 7:6628-6669.
  • Martin-Biggers, J., Beluska, K., Quick, V., Tursi, M., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) Cover Lines Using Positive, Urgent, Unique language Entice Moms to Read Health Communications. Journal of Health Communications, 20:766-772.
  • DiNoia, J. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2014) Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Low-income Children and Adolescents. Nutrition Reviews, 72:575-590.
  • Martin-Biggers, J., Spaccarotella, K., Berhaupt-Glickstein, A., Hongu, N, Worobey, J. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2014) Come and get it! A discussion of the family mealtime environment. Advances in Nutrition, 5:235-247.
  • Di Noia, J. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Family Support Is a Key Determinant of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Economically Disadvantaged African American Adolescents. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113:803-808.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Maurer Abbot, J. and Cussler, E. (2011) Relationship of Social Cognitive Theory Concepts to Mothers' Dietary Intake and BMI, Maternal Child Nutrition, 7:241-252.
  • Schefske, S., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Cuite, C., and Hallman, W.K. (2010) Using UPC Scanning Methods to Characterize Household Food Supplies of Multi-ethnic Low Income Minorities. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 110:A103. .
  • Schefske, S., Bellows, A., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Cuite, C., Rapport, H., Vivar, T., and Hallman, W. (2010) Nutrient Analysis of Varying Socioeconomic Status Home Food Environments in New Jersey. Appetite, 54: 384-349.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Bredbenner, C. (2010) Assessing the Home Food Environment Using Mobile Barcode (Universal Product Code) Scanning Technology. Nutrition & Food Science, 40:305-313.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Maurer Abbot, J. and Cussler, E. (2009) Nutrient Profile of Household Food Supplies of Families with Young Children, Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109:2057-2062.
  • Photo of laptop with barcode scanner and food.Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Bryant, M., and Stevens, J. (2009) Universal Product Code (Bar Code) Scanning Technology for Home Food Inventories. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109: 983-984.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., and Abbot, J. (2009) Differences in Food Supplies of Households with and without Overweight Individuals. Appetite, 52:479-484.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Abbot, J. and Cussler, E. (2008) Psychographic Segmentation of Mothers of Young Children Using Food Decision Influencers. Nutrition Research, 28:506-516.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., and Abbot, J. (2008) Food Choice Influencers of Mothers of Young Children: Implications for Nutrition Educators. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 23:198-215.

Home Environment Outreach

Shaping Up logo.
  • What's Cooking in America's Kitchens? A 4-part Home Kitchen Makeover Toolbox for Building Healthier Families: http://nutrition.rutgers.edu/outreach/shaping-up.html
  • Maurer, Abbot, J. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2010) Tool for Facilitating Meal Planning. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 42:66-68. http://nutrition.rutgers.edu/outreach/menuplanner.pdf
  • Maurer Abbot, J. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2009) Development of a Self-Directed Home Kitchen Makeover for Mothers of Young Children. Forum for Family and Consumer Issues, 14:1.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Maurer Abbot, J. (2009) Improving the Nutritional Quality of the Home Food Environment using Self-Directed Home Kitchen Makeovers. Forum for Family and Consumer Issues, 14:1.

College Campus Environment

Environmental Health Cover.Young adulthood is a transitional stage that puts these individuals at particularly high risk for unhealthy weight gain and obesity. Reciprocal determinism, from Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory, describes the simultaneous and reciprocal interplay between personal characteristics and behaviors and the environment within which the behaviors occur. Yet, little is known about the extent to which post-secondary education campuses support healthful lifestyles. My research team works in tandem with the USDA NC1193 Multistate group (nimss.umd.edu/homepages/home.cfm?trackID=13096) representing 17 universities to assess and address individual and environmental factors that influence eating behavior, body weight, and health outcomes of young adults. Our current work is focusing on developing a reliable, valid, easy to use index for assessing the healthfulness of post-secondary education campuses and permitting meaningful comparisons across campuses. This index is critical to improving the healthfulness of post-secondary education environments and supporting health behavior change among young adults.

  • Horacek, T.M., Dede Yildirim, E., Kattelmann, K., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Brown, O., Colby, S., Greene, G., Hoerr, S., Kidd, T., Koenings, M.M., Morrell, J., Olfert, M.D., Phillips, B., Shelnutt, K., and White, A. (In Press) Path Analysis of Campus Walkability/Bike-Ability and College Students Physical Activity Attitudes, Behaviors and Body Mass Index. American Journal of Health Promotion.
  • Quick, V., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Shoff, S., White, A.A., Lohse, B., Horacek, T., Kattlemann, K., Phillips, B., Hoerr, S.L., and Greene, G. (2016) A Streamlined, Enhanced Self-Report Physical Activity Measure for Young Adults. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. DOI: 10.1080/14635240.2016.1169941.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Quick, V., Koenings, M.M., Martin-Biggers, J., Kattelmann, K.K. (2016) Relationships of Cognitive Load on Eating and Weight-Related Behaviors of Young Adults. Eating Behaviors, 21:89-94.
  • Quick, V., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Shoff, S., White, A.A., Lohse, B., Horacek, T., Colby, S., Brown, O., Kidd, T., and Greene, G. (2015) Relationships of Sleep Duration with Weight-related Behaviors of College Students. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 14:565-580.
  • Horacek, T.M., White, A.A., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Reznar, M.M., Olfert, M.D., Morrell, J.S., Koenings, M.M., Brown, O.N., Shelnutt, K.P., Kattelmann, K.K., Greene, G.W., Colby, S.E., and Thompson-Snyder, C. (2014) PACES: A Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports Audit on University Campuses. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28:e104-117.
  • Horacek, T., Erdman, M., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Carey, G., Colby, S., Greene, G., Guo, W., Kattelmann, K., Olfert, M., Walsh, J., and White, A. (2013) Assessment of the Dining Environment On and Near the Campuses of 15 U.S. Post-secondary Institutions. Public Health Nutrition, 16:1186-1196.
  • Walsh, J.R., Hebert, A., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Carey, G., Colby, S., Esters, O., Greene, G., Hoerr, S., Horacek, T., Kattelmann, K., Kidd, T., Koenings, M., Phillips, B., Shelnutt, K.P., and White, A. (2012) The Development and Preliminary Validation of the Behavior, Environment, and Changeability Survey (BECS): A Tool to Assess Health-Promoting Behavior and the Environment. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 44:490-499.
  • Szymona, K., Quick, V., Olfert, M., Shelnutt, K., Kattelmann, K., Esters, O., Colby, S., Beaudoin, C., Lubniewski, J., Maia, A.M., Horacek, T., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2012) The University Environment: A Comprehensive Assessment of Health-Related Advertisements on U.S. Post-Secondary Institution Campuses. Health Education, 112:497-512.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Johnson, M. Quick, V.M., Walsh, J., Greene, G.W., Hoerr, S., Colby, S.M., Kattelmann, K.K., Phillips, B.W., Kidd, T., and Horacek, T.M. (2012) Sweet & Salty: An Assessment of the Snacks and Beverages Sold in Vending Machines on U.S. Post-Secondary Institution Campuses. Appetite, 58:1143-1151.
  • Horacek, T.M., White, A.A., Greene, G.W., Reznar, M.M., Quick, V.M., Morrell, J.S., Colby, S.M., Kattelmann, K.K., Herrick, M.S., Shelnutt, K.P., Mathews, A., Phillips, B.W., Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2012). Sneakers and Spokes: An Assessment of the Walkability and Bikeability of U.S. Post-Secondary Institutions. Journal of Environmental Health, 74(6):8-15.
  • Szymona, K., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2011) An Instrument to Assess Health-Related Advertising on College Campuses. Nutrition and Food Science, 41:96-103.

Food Advertising & Nutrition Labeling

Food labels and advertisements are communication channels used by food manufacturers to transmit (encode) messages to consumers who, in turn, receive and decode them to derive their meaning. According to Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action, consensual understanding is reached when communications are free of distortion, coercion, and ideology and are truthful, sincere, comprehensible, and legitimate. My work in this area began with content analyses of food labels and advertisements to describe their content, then moved on to examining consumer perceptions and interpretation of this content. Currently, my team is investigating assumptions and food selections decisions consumers make based on food label and advertisement content, with the goal of informing food label and advertisement policy. Another component of this media research is gain an understanding of how consumers respond to popular media with regard to their dietary and health choices.

  • Heller, R., Martin-Biggers, J., Berhaupt-Glickstein, A., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) Fruit-related Terms and Images on Food Packages and Advertisements Affect Children's Perceptions of Foods' Fruit Content. Public Health Nutrition, 18:2722-2728.
  • Martin-Biggers, J., Yorkin, M., Aljallad, C., Ciecierski, C., Akhabue, I., McKinley, J., Hernandez, K., Yablonsky, C., Jackson, R., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) What Foods Are U.S. Supermarkets Promoting? A Content Analysis of Supermarket Sales Circulars. Appetite, 62:160-165.
  • Szymona, K., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2011) An Instrument to Assess Health-Related Advertising on College Campuses. Nutrition and Food Science, 41:96-103.
  • Heller, R., and Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2011) Television Advertisements for ‘Fruit Containing' Foods during Children's Programming. Journal of Media and Communication Studies, 2:16-21.
  • Heller, R., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2010) Where's The Fruit? Television Food Advertisers Response To FTC and IOM Challenge To Improve Self-Regulation During Children's Programming. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 110:A113.
  • Abbatangelo Gray, J., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Austin, S.B. (2010) Nutrient Content of Food Advertisements Seen by Women during U.S.-Based Spanish- and English-language Primetime Television Programs. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 25:118-127.
  • Abbatangelo Gray, J., Austin, S.B., Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2008) Health and Nutrient Content Claims in Food Advertisements Broadcast on Hispanic and Mainstream Primetime Television. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 40:348-54.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2002) Saturday Morning Children's Television Advertising: A Longitudinal Content Analysis. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 30:382-403.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Grasso, D., and Finckenor, M. (2001) Nutrition Messages in Prime-Time Television Programming. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 16(4):61-72.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (2000) What Is Television Trying To Make Children Swallow? A Content Analysis Of Nutrition Information Embedded In Prime-Time Advertisements. Journal of Nutrition Education, 32:187-195.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (2000) Trends in U.S. Prime-Time Television Food Advertisements Across Three Decades. Nutrition and Food Science, 30:59-66.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (2000) Health, Medicine, and Food Messages in Television Commercials During 1992 and 1998: Are They Consistent with Recommendations? Journal of School Health, 70:61-65.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (2001) Effect Of The Nutrition Labeling Education Act (NLEA) On Nutrient Content Claims And Health Claims In Television Advertising. Family Economics and Nutrition Review, 13:37-49.
  • Alfieri, L. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2001) Assessing the Performance of Women on Nutrition Labeling Tasks. American Journal of Health Studies, 16:113-123.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Alfieri, L., Wong, A., Cottee, P. (2001) Inherent Educational Qualities of Nutrition Labels. Family and Consumer Science Research Journal, 29:265-280.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Kiefer, L. (2001) The Ability of Elderly Women to Perform Nutrition Facts Label Tasks and Judge Nutrient Content Claims. Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, 20:29-46.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Alfieri, L., and Kiefer, L. (2000) The Nutrition Attitudes and Nutrition Label Knowledge and Usage Behaviours of Women in the U.S. Nutrition Bulletin, 25:315-322.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Wong, A., and Cottee, P. (2000) British Consumer Understanding of U.S. and E.U. Nutrition Labels. British Food Journal, 102: 615-629.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2000) The Ability of College Women Aged 17 to 25 To Perform Tasks Using Nutrition Facts Labels. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 3:97-106.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (2000) What Is Television Trying To Make Children Swallow? A Content Analysis Of Nutrition Information Embedded In Prime-Time Advertisements. Journal of Nutrition Education, 32:187-195.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (2000) Trends in U.S. Prime-Time Television Food Advertisements Across Three Decades. Nutrition and Food Science, 30:59-66.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (2000) Health, Medicine, and Food Messages in Television Commercials During 1992 and 1998: Are They Consistent with Recommendations? Journal of School Health, 70:61-65.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (1999) A Comparative Analysis of Television Food Advertisements And Current Dietary Recommendations. American Journal of Health Studies, 15:169-180.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Grasso, D. (1999) Prime-Time Health: An Analysis Of Television Commercials Broadcast During Programs Viewed Heavily By Children. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 2:159-169.

Media Environment

Media is a powerful, persuasive, and pervasive teacher and can influence perceptions, knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors. Thus, health professionals need to be aware of the health-related information content of media and its effect media users. My research team investigates a variety of media, including print, video, and web forms, with regard to messaging related to diet, health, and body image. Food Pyramid and TV Diet.

  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Quick, V., and Grenci, A. (2010) Effect of a Television Program on 9-and 10-year-old Girls' Nutrition Cognitions and Intended Behaviours. Nutrition & Dietetics, 67:143-149.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2008) Television and the Obesity Epidemic. In Encyclopedia of Obesity, J.G. Golson and K. Keller, eds., Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2 pgs.
  • Super Size Me movie poster.Cottone, E. and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2007) Knowledge and Psychosocial Effects of the Film Super Size Me. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107:1197-1203.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Murray, J., and Schlussel, Y.R. (2005) Temporal Changes in Anthropometric Measurements of Idealized Females and Young Women in General. Women & Health, 41(2):13-30.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2004) An Internationally Shared Health Frame of Reference Created by a Television Program: The Simpsons, A Content Analysis of Health Messages. Health Education. 104:18-24. Paper received Highly Commended citation from Emerald Publishing Literati Club.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2003) American Television: A Source of Nutrition Education and Information. Journal of Community Nutrition, 5:230-238.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Finckenor, M., and Grasso, D. (2003) Health Related Content in Prime-Time Television Programming. Journal of Health Communication, 8:329-341.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Murray, J. (2003) A Comparison of the Anthropometric Measurements of Idealized Female Body Images in Media Directed to Men, Women, and Mixed Gender Audiences. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 18:117-129.

Food Safety

"Foodborne illness caused by microbial pathogens remains a significant public health problem in the 21st century." My research team has investigated the obstacles to adopting safe food handling habits, including food safety knowledge and factors affecting attitudes and behaviors, of those groups likely to mishandle food. Our findings have provided essential information needed to understand the needs and motivations of these consumers and develop new, more effective, audience-specific food safety education programs that help consumers adopt behaviors and attitudes that protect themselves and those for whom they serve as caregivers.

Food Safety Posters.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Cohn, M.N., Farber, J.M., Harris, L.J., Roberts, T., Salin, V., Singh, M., Jaferi, A., and Sperber, W.H. (2015) Food Safety Considerations for Innovative Nutrition Solutions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1347:29-44.
  • Quick, V., Martin-Biggers, J., Chamberlin, B., Schaffner, D.W., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) Don't be gross: Short food safety videos promote peer networking and behavior change. British Food Journal, 117:78-93.
  • Quick, V., Corda, K., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Determinants of Safe Food Handling Behaviors Among Middle School Youth. Nutrition and Food Science, 43:543:553.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Berning, J., Martin-Biggers, J., and Quick, V. (2013) Food Safety in Home Kitchens: A Synthesis of this Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10:4060-4085.
  • Quick, V., Corda, K.W., Chamberlin, B., Schaffner, D.W., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013) Evaluation of a Food Safety Education Game for Middle School Youth. British Food Journal, 115:686-699.
  • Abbot, J.M., Policastro, P., Bruhn, C., Schaffner, D., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2012) Development and Evaluation of a University Campus-based Food Safety Media Campaign for Young Adults. Journal of Food Protection, 75:1117-1124
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Abbot, J., Schaffner, D. (2010) How Food Safe is Your Home Kitchen? A Self-Directed Home Kitchen Audit. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 42:286-289.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Maurer Abbot, J., and Quick, V. (2010) Food Safety Knowledge and Beliefs of Middle School Children: Implications for Food Safety Educators. Journal of Food Science Education, 9:19-30.
  • Abbot, J.M., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Schaffner, D., Bruhn, C., Blalock, L. (2009) Comparison of Food Safety Cognitions and Self-Reported Food Handling Behaviors with Observed Food Safety Behaviors of Young Adults. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63: 572–579.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Maurer, J., Wheatley, V., Schaffner, D., Bruhn, C., and Blalock, L. (2008) Risky Eating Behaviors of Young Adults. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106:549-552.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Maurer, J., Wheatley, V., Schaffner, D., and Bruhn, C. (2007) Food Safety Self-Reported Behaviors and Cognitions of Young Adults: Results of a National Study. Journal of Food Protection, 70:1917-1926.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Maurer, J., Wheatley, V., Cottone, E., and Clancy, M. (2007) Observed Food Safety Behaviors and Skills of Young Adults. British Food Journal, 107: 519-530.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Maurer, J., Wheatley, V., Cottone, E., and Clancy, M. (2007) Food Safety Hazards Lurk in the Kitchens of Young Adults. Journal of Food Protection, 70:991-996.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Wheatley, V., Schaffner, D., Bruhn, C., Blalock, L., and Maurer, J. (2007) Development of Food Safety Psychosocial Questionnaires for Young Adults. Journal of Food Science Education, 6(2):30-37.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Wheatley, V., Schaffner, D., Bruhn, C., Blalock, L., and Maurer, J. (2007) Development and Implementation of a Food Safety Knowledge Instrument. Journal of Food Science Education, 6(3):46-55.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2002) Food Safety: An International Public Health Issue. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 5:59-74.

Food Safety Outreach

Ninja Kitchen Game Screenshot.

Food Allergies

"Food allergies are a common, serious--and sometimes fatal—problem." Although safe food handling can help prevent triggering a food allergic reaction, evidence-based educational materials for safe food handling for food allergies remain scarce. My work with food allergies has centered on elucidating the food handling behaviors regarding allergen cross-contact that are practiced by consumers, childcare givers, and retail food establishments, creating responsive educational materials and interventions for consumers and health-care providers, and working to set policy with regard to food allergy prevention.

Know before you serve logo. Ask Before You Eat logo.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Smith Edge, M.A. (2011) Support for the U.S. Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 111:15-16.
  • Boyce, J.A., Assa'ad, A., Burks, AW., Jones, S.M., Sampson, H.A., Wood. R.A., Plaut, M., Cooper, S.F., Fenton, M.J., Arshad, S.H., Bahna, S.L., Beck, L.A., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Camargo, C.A., Eichenfield, L., Furuta, G.T., Hanifin, J.M., Jones, C., Kraft, M., Levy, B.D., Lieberman, P., Luccioli, S,. McCall, K.M., Schneider, L.C., Simon, R.A., Simons, F.E., Teach, S.J., Yawn, B.P., Schwaninger J.M. and Fenton, M.J. (2010) Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: Report of the NIAID-sponsored expert panel, full report: (2010) 126(S6):S1-58. Summary published simultaneously in: Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2010) 126:1105-18; Journal of the American Dietetic Association (2011) 111:17-27; Nutrition Research (2011) 31:61-75: Nutrition (2011) 27:253-67, 2011; Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (2011) 64:175-92, 2011.
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, C. and Maurer, J. (2007) Food Allergies: Safe Food Handling to Prevent Triggering an Allergic Reaction. Journal of Extension, 45(6):Article Number 6TOT6.
  • Maurer, J., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., and Grasso, D. (2007) "Know Before You Serve" – A Fact Sheet to Help Food Service Personnel Prevent Triggering Allergic Reactions in Customers with Food Allergies. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 48:274-283.
  • Maurer, J., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., and Grasso, D. (2007) "Ask Before You Eat" – Development of a Social Marketing Campaign on Food Allergies. Social Marketing Quarterly, 13:48-70.

Food Allergy Outreach

Anthropometric Data

  • Barrios, P., Martin-Biggers, J., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2016) Reliability and Criterion Validity of Self-Measured Waist, Hip, and Neck Circumferences. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16:49.
  • Yorkin, M., Spaccarotella, K., Martin-Biggers, J., Lozada, C., Hongu, N., Quick, V., Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2015) A Tool to Improve Parental Measurements of Preschool Child Height. Advances in Public Health, 2015: Article ID 965371.
  • Quick, V., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Shoff, S., White, A.A., Lohse, B., Horacek, T., Kattlemann, K., Phillips, B., Hoerr, S.L., and Greene, G. (2015) Concordance of Self-report and Measured Height and Weight of College Students. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 47:94-98.
  • Yorkin, M., Spaccarotella, K., Martin-Biggers, J., Quick, V., and Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2013). Accuracy and Consistency of Weights Provided by Home Bathroom Scales. BMC Public Health. 13:1194-1198.

Anthropometrics Outreach

Perspectives in Nutrition CD cover. Perspectives in Nutrition cover.